Contribution of Bad Posture towards Development of ‘Adolescent Scoliosis’ among University Students
Background: Scoliosis, defined as an abnormal lateral curvature of spine, can affect any part of the spine. The most common regions are the chest area known as thoracic scoliosis and the lower section of the back (lumbar scoliosis). Sitting and standing with faulty posture, putting irregular exertional force on back, taking consecutive lectures for long hours are important risk factors leading to development of scoliosis.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent scoliosis due to bad posture among university students.
Subjects and Methods: It was a cross sectional study conducted at University of Lahore with sample size of 329 students. Both male and female students were included.
Results: The prevalence of scoliosis among university students was 23.40%. Sixty percent students agreed that their backache aggravated after over activity and 41% strongly agreed that due to their bad posture they may be at increased risk of developing future scoliosis.
Conclusion: This study showed that there is a strong correlation between the bad posture and risk of developing scoliosis. Factors which leads to progression of scoliosis can be helped by early institution of physical therapy, and counselling about appropriate postural adjustments and balance improvement.
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