Prospective analysis of factors affecting the surgical outcomes of pediatric depressed skull fractures

  • Hassaan Zahid The Children's Hospital & Institute of Child Health, Lahore
  • Lubna Ijaz
  • Anila Jamil
  • Laeeq ur Rehman
  • Shahid Iqbal
  • Malik Muhammad Nadeem
Keywords: Pediatric, Depressed Skull Fractures, Traumatic Brain Injury, Surgical Outcome

Abstract

Background: Around 42% of the pediatric patients present with skull fractures and the prognosis depends on several factors including type and location of fracture along with severity of associated brain trauma. The objective of this study was to find the factors affecting the outcome in childhood depressed skull fractures.
Patients and methods: This prospective observational study included 68 patients with depressed fractures presenting in the neurosurgery emergency department of Children Hospital Lahore. After detailed history and routine investigations, patients underwent the standard surgical procedure and were closely observed during the hospital stay. All were followed up for one month after being discharged from the hospital.
Results: The mean age of the children was 7.72±3.80 years. The male-to-female ratio was 1.42:1. Most of the patients had a history of fall (N=39, 57.4%). Twenty-nine (42.6%) had simple and 39 (57.4%) had complex fractures. Mostly presented with injuries at parietal (25%) and frontal (20.6%) region. Forty-seven (69.1%) were having GCS in between 13-15 (mild), 12 (17.6%) in between 9-12 (moderate) and 09 (13.2%) of the children were having GCS ≤8 (severe) at the time of presentation. Regarding outcome, good recovery was noticed in 49 (72.1%) children, moderate disability in 8 (11.8%), severe disability in 4 (5.9%), the vegetative state in 3 (4.4%), and death in 4 (5.9%) of the patients. A strong association was found between the GCS category and outcome of the surgery (p<0.001). No significant association was found between outcome and mode of injury (p=0.45), site (p=0.553), and type of fracture (p=0.66).
Conclusion: Children with depressed fractures and a history of trauma normally present with minor brain injury and have a good post-surgical outcome.

Author Biographies

Hassaan Zahid, The Children's Hospital & Institute of Child Health, Lahore

Fellow Paediatric Neurosurgery, The Children's Hospital & ICH, Lahore.

Lubna Ijaz

Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, The Children's Hospital & ICH, Lahore.

Anila Jamil

Senior Registrar, Department of Paediatric Intensive care unit, The Children's Hospital & ICH, Lahore

Laeeq ur Rehman

Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, The Children's Hospital & ICH, Lahore.

Shahid Iqbal

Senior Registrar, Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, The Children's Hospital & ICH, Lahore.

Malik Muhammad Nadeem

Associate Professor & HOD Paediatric Neurosurgery, The Children's Hospital & ICH, Lahore.

Published
2022-04-04
How to Cite
1.
Zahid H, Ijaz L, Jamil A, Rehman L, Iqbal S, Nadeem M. Prospective analysis of factors affecting the surgical outcomes of pediatric depressed skull fractures. J Fatima Jinnah Med Univ [Internet]. 4Apr.2022 [cited 23Feb.2024];15(3):118-21. Available from: https://ojs.jfjmu.com/index.php/ojs/article/view/873